East African Journal of Social Sciences and Humanities 2018-11-30T14:16:24+00:00 Birhanu Midekso Open Journal Systems <p>East African Journal of Social Sciences and Humanities (EAJSSH) is the official journal of the College of Social Sciences and Humanities at Haramaya University. Its purpose is to serve as a forum for intellectual exchange on a wide range of the social, historical, environmental, and political issues that affect humans in multiple ways and are in turn affected by dynamics and processes of humans’ interventions. Contributions are thus welcome from the diverse and interrelating fields of social sciences and humanities such as Sociology, Social Work, Social Anthropology, History, Political Sciences, Human Geography, Gender and Development Studies, Social Psychology, Peace and Development/Conflict Studies, Linguistics, Literature and Folklore, Cultural Studies, Law, Media and Communication Studies, Tourism and Development, Urban Planning (its social aspects), and Education. </p> Organizational Factors Affecting E-learning Adoption by Lecturers in Kenya: A Case Study of Moi University 2018-08-27T16:01:08+00:00 Margaret Adisa Galia Francis Nyarombe Nyachwaya Josphat Igadwa Mwasiagi <p>In this paper organizational factors affecting the adoption of e-learning by lecturers in Moi University were discussed and possible ways of enhancing its adoption recommended. E-learning has changed the way teaching and learning is taking place in university campuses. However, despite this change, the uptake of e-learning in developing countries especially in Africa is slow compared to their Western counterparts. The literature review also revealed that most developing countries including Kenya are still experiencing challenges in their attempts to implement e-learning as an alternative approach to teaching and learning. Descriptive research method based on a case study approach was applied. The target population of this study was 300 and sample size of 171 was used. Both inferential and descriptive statistical methods were employed in analyzing data. Findings proved that organizational factors namely professional development, access to ICT infrastructure and resources, technical support, Institutional culture, and Leadership support affect e-learning adoption by lecturers in Moi University. However, technical support and institutional culture significantly affect the adoption of e-learning by lecturers in Moi University. The main conclusion drawn from this research was that organizational factors affect e-learning adoption by lecturers in Moi University and therefore these factors should be considered in order to enhance the level of e-learning adoption by lecturers. The study recommends that Moi University management expands ICT and e-learning infrastructure, provide Lecturers with comprehensive training on e-learning skills, establish technical support staff at each department, and identify a way of motivating the lecturers to use e-learning.</p> <p>Keywords: E-learning; E-learning adoption; E-learning organizational factors</p> 2017-06-06T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Roles of Higher Diploma Programme in Enhancing Internal Quality of Higher Education: The Case of Ambo University, Ethiopia 2018-10-12T15:12:35+00:00 Mengistu Debele Gerbi <p>Quality of education really matters, because it has direct effect on generating productive citizens. The purpose of the study was to assess roles of HDP in professionalization of higher education instructors. It also aimed at enhancing internal quality of higher education. Semi-structured interview and non-participant classroom teaching observations were used to gather data from participants. The qualitative research method through comparative case study design was used to analyze data. The results of the current study show that HDP plays significant roles in professionalization of instructors and in enhancing internal quality of higher education. Instructors who have been certified in HDP implemented contemporary learner-centered pedagogy through constructivist approach whereas instructors who have not been certified in HDP implemented conventional teacher-centered pedagogy through behavioral approach to deliver their course contents. The study implies that HDP training should be compulsory for every instructor in higher education regardless of academic rank and experience. Furthermore, Ambo University should give due emphasis to the implementation of pedagogical skills obtained from HDP by conducting a follow-up assessment.</p> <p>Keywords: HDP; Higher education; Internal quality; Professionalization</p> 2017-06-06T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Gendered Effects of Climate Change on Household Food Security: The Case of Some Selected Drought Prone Rural Kebeles of Dire Dawa Administration, Ethiopia 2018-11-11T08:30:54+00:00 Frehiwot Tsegaye Tegegne Sishaw Emiru Awol Akmel <p>Climate change poses a serious threat to human food security through erratic rainfall patterns, increasing or decreasing temperature, decreasing crop yields and contributing to increased food insecurity. This study investigates whether men or women are more affected by climate induced household food security in rural kebeles of Dire Dawa Administration. The study also examines access and control over productive resources and the factors contributing to the differential effects of climate change on men and women household heads. A systematic random sampling procedure was employed to include 150 men and women household heads from four rural kebeles of the Administration. Standardized precipitation index and Gender disparity index on five agriculture domains such as participation in production, asset ownership and access to resource, income control, leadership and time use were used to measure the effects of rainfall intensity and productivity achievement to household food security respectively. Moreover, T-test and gender vulnerability analysis were also used to analyze the data. The results indicate that rainfall scarcity had occurred for nineteen years from the total of thirty years studied. Moreover, the mean empowerment index of women is below the threshold with differing gender division of labor in agriculture and low-calorie intake per day and more vulnerable due to effects of climate change. The findings of this study indicate the importance of enhancing institutional support to realize gender equality and minimize cultural, social, economic and institutional barriers that contribute to the differential effects of climate change on household food security.</p> <p>Keywords: Climate change, Food insecurity, Food security, Gender, Standardized precipitation index</p> 2017-06-06T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## An Assessment of the Existing Early Warning and Response Systems to Disasters in Arero District, Borena Zone of Oromia Regional State 2018-11-22T13:07:55+00:00 Bamlaku Tadesse <p>This paper assessed the existing systems of early warning and early responses in the Arero district of Borna zone, Oromia regional state. The assessment was conducted based on data obtained from primary and secondary sources. The primary data were generated through focus group discussions with members of Disaster Management/Early Warning Committee at woreda and kebele levels and community elders. The secondary data were gathered from the review of secondary materials. Community level discussions were also conducted by a means of participatory assessment techniques. The study found that the most severe risks commonly prevalent in the area were drought (food insecurity) due to an acute shortage of rainfall; conflict between Borena and Geri, Borena and Guji, the Digodi and Meria in alliance with Geri against Borena and Guji over resources; and bush encroachments were also identified as threats to the livelihoods of Borena pastoralists. The pastoralist communities predict about the occurrence of risks/disasters based on the existing indigenous early warning systems. There are the Ayyaantuu who are people with knowledge of astronomy, and predict the occurrence of an event by looking into the position of stars, sun, and the moon in specific seasons. Besides, Uchuu are gifted people who can predict the occurrence of an event by reading the intestine of fresh slaughtered animal. There are indicators of risks identified by pastoralists in the existing early warning and response mechanisms based on their indigenous knowledge systems.</p> <p><strong>Keywords:</strong> Arero; Assessment; Borena; Disaster; Early warning; Risk</p> 2017-06-06T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Resistance against Women’s Oppression to Achieve Equal Recognition with Men in Nawal El Saadawi’s Memoirs of a Woman Doctor 2018-11-30T14:16:24+00:00 Gemechu Hinika Gemeda <p>This article deals with Nawal El Saadawi‘s strategies of resistance to achieve altered representation whereby woman attains potent agency of resistance through dismantled gender hierarchy in Memoirs of a Woman Doctor. The paper examines El Saadawi‘s presentation of resistance through which she suggests a peaceful coexistence where partners view each other as equals. Feminist theoretical perspective is employed to examine the meaning and condition of resistance. Women have been subjected to complex systems of oppression and exclusion in many African cultures. However, one hardly finds a system of gender oppression and exclusion in which women have not participated. The most important step in the resistance against gender-based oppression is creating understanding on how the system of oppression works and the link between the structures and processes of oppression. The narrative is relayed in the first-person point of view unfolding the evolving character who eventually accepts living with a partner. The article argues that El Saadawi‘s version of resistance is intended to bring about representation of harmonious coexistence of both sexes in which woman is guaranteed due recognition, love and equality.</p> <p><strong>Keywords:</strong> Gender equality/hierarchy; Patriarchy; Representation; Resistance</p> 2017-06-06T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement##