Contextual Analysis and Documentation of Normative and Linguistic Aspects of Riddles among Afran Qalloo Oromo

  • Emana Beyene
  • Tadele Deressa
Keywords: Linguistic feature; Normative lesson; Oromo riddles; Social value


Riddles in Oromo are among the children‟s oral traditions that
serve as the bearers of virtuous behaviors in their society. They contribute,
by way of entertaining, to the proper growth and development of children
which nurture them to be active and creative constituents of their society.
Nevertheless, riddle got very low attention and little is being done to ensure
that this genre of oral literature is preserved as part of long-living
indigenous education system. This research aimed to document Oromo
riddles with their underlined and diverse human experiences, knowledge,
artistic expression, creativities, philosophical thoughts, linguistic features
and imaginations of the society. Available and purposive sampling
methods, structured and non-structured interview, both participatory and
non-participatory observations, focus group discussion, and text collection
were used to gather data, which were analyzed qualitatively. The
fundamental procedures of riddles have been described as they are used in
contextual settings. Thematically, their elements, social values, artistic
thinking, and experiences of the society, philosophical thoughts and
linguistic features have critically been examined. And results are found to
indicate riddles in Oromo carry moral value and wisdom which are reliable
and relevant to the children‟s development and nurture them to be active
and creative members of the society. The researchers, thus, recommend that
relevant stakeholders need to come and act together to document, sustain
and enhance the values of Oromo riddles.

Author Biographies

Emana Beyene

Haramaya University, Department of Afan Oromo, Literature and Communication

Tadele Deressa

Haramaya University, Department of Afan Oromo, Literature and Communication