Oil-Induced Land Compensation Dispossession and Women’s Experiences in Albertine Graben, Uganda

  • Specioza Twinamasiko
  • Frank Ahimbisibwe
  • Charles Muchunguzi
Keywords: Compensation; Dispossession; Livelihood; Oil-induced development


In the last thirteen years since the discovery of oil and gas
resources in Uganda, numerous developments have taken place to pave way
for the development of oil and gas sector which necessitated land
acquisition. In response, interventions such as cash compensation, partial
land acquisition and resettlement were undertaken. The lacuna for this
study is that, there is limited research that focuses on the experiences of
women in oil-induced land dispossession, compensation and resettlement in
relation to their reliance on the land for livelihood. This paper, therefore,
aims at evaluating these experiences on land compensation dispossession
for oil and gas development activities and the impact on women‟s
livelihoods in Albertine region. A phenomenological study research design
was adopted through multimethod such as in-depth interviews, focus group
discussions, covert observation and documentary evidence. Purposive
sampling was used to select women in categories and snowball sampling to
trace displaced women who were not resettled. Findings indicate that cash
compensation and resettlement process had loopholes that failed to deal
with social, cultural and economic aspects of the affected communities. In
conclusion, oil induced compensation process has had devastating
experiences on women and many have become more vulnerable. We argue
that the negative lived experiences by women as a result of compensation
process were attributed to their subordinate status in the rural communities
in respect to property ownership and household decision making. The study
recommends that future land compensation, resettlement and
implementation strategies be gender-inclusive in order to mitigate negative
impacts on women livelihoods.

Author Biographies

Specioza Twinamasiko

Mbarara University of Science and Technology, Uganda

Frank Ahimbisibwe

Mbarara University of Science and Technology, Uganda

Charles Muchunguzi

Mbarara University of Science and Technology, Uganda