Gender Role Attitude of University Students: A Comparison of Implicit and Explicit Measures
The purpose of the study was to examine gender role attitude of
university students who are studying in fields that are traditional to
women (social science) and nontraditional to women (mathematics and
physics). Specifically, the study tried to examine the influences of
variables like sex, fields of study and years spent at university on gender
role attitude. A cross-sectional survey was used as a research design.
Purposive sampling technique was used to select 130 students from the
College of Social Sciences and Humanities (CSSH) and College of
Natural and Computational Sciences (CNCS) located at Haramaya
University main campus. Implicit and explicit measures were used to
examine traditional gender role attitude. Percentage, Chi-Square test, onesample
t-test, independent sample t-test, and one-way ANOVA were
employed as data analysis techniques. Contrary to what has been
hypothesized, the results of the study revealed that participants had a
traditional gender role attitude. The implicit test result also showed that a
significantly higher number of participants (more than 90%) associated
men to Doctor and Engineer than associating women to these professions.
As hypothesized, female participants had significantly lower traditional
gender role attitude mean score compared to their male counterparts.
Moreover, the result showed no statistically significant differences among
groups’ means for the first year, third year, and students from CNCS as
determined by one-way ANOVA. It is concluded that college education in
general and training in Gender and Development (GAD) field, in
particular, had little influence in changing traditional gender role attitude
of the participants.