Instructional Practices and Challenges in Inclusion of Students with Visual Impairment in Selected Government Secondary Schools in Harari Region

  • Paulos Dea
  • Dawit Negassa
Keywords: Critical disability theory; Inclusive education; Instructional practices; Visual impairment

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to examine the instructional
practices and challenges teachers face in teaching students with visual
impairment in the government secondary schools of Harari regional state.
A mixed methods approach with convergent design was employed. The
sample consisted of 118 participants selected using simple random and
purposive sampling techniques. Data was collected using questionnaire,
semi-structured interview and focus group discussion. Mean, standard
deviation and one sample t-test were used to analyze quantitative data and
thematic analysis was used to analyze qualitative data from interview and
FGD. The study revealed that teachers’ collaboration with other
professionals, classroom supplies and equipment, and teaching strategies
used by teachers were lower than the expected level for successful
inclusion of SVI in the selected schools. Moreover, deficits in knowledge
and skills, lack of training and budget constraints were found to be the
major challenges that prevent teachers from the successful
implementation of inclusive education for SVI. The study concluded that
the identified instructional practices of SVI were not found at the
expected level (average population mean). In addition, the study
concluded that professional and logistical gaps were the major challenges
for the inclusion of SVI in the government preparatory and secondary
schools of Harari regional state. Arranging consultation sessions for
collaborative work, strengthening the resource centers, providing
professional support for teachers and seeking additional fund from donors
were the recommended issues for the successful inclusion of students with
visual impairment.

Keywords: Critical disability theory; Inclusive education; Instructional
practices; Visual impairment

Published
2017-12-13
Section
Articles