Organizational Factors Affecting E-learning Adoption by Lecturers in Kenya: A Case Study of Moi University
In this paper organizational factors affecting the adoption of e-learning by lecturers in Moi University were discussed and possible ways of enhancing its adoption recommended. E-learning has changed the way teaching and learning is taking place in university campuses. However, despite this change, the uptake of e-learning in developing countries especially in Africa is slow compared to their Western counterparts. The literature review also revealed that most developing countries including Kenya are still experiencing challenges in their attempts to implement e-learning as an alternative approach to teaching and learning. Descriptive research method based on a case study approach was applied. The target population of this study was 300 and sample size of 171 was used. Both inferential and descriptive statistical methods were employed in analyzing data. Findings proved that organizational factors namely professional development, access to ICT infrastructure and resources, technical support, Institutional culture, and Leadership support affect e-learning adoption by lecturers in Moi University. However, technical support and institutional culture significantly affect the adoption of e-learning by lecturers in Moi University. The main conclusion drawn from this research was that organizational factors affect e-learning adoption by lecturers in Moi University and therefore these factors should be considered in order to enhance the level of e-learning adoption by lecturers. The study recommends that Moi University management expands ICT and e-learning infrastructure, provide Lecturers with comprehensive training on e-learning skills, establish technical support staff at each department, and identify a way of motivating the lecturers to use e-learning.
Keywords: E-learning; E-learning adoption; E-learning organizational factors