Psychometric Analysis of Afan Oromo Version of Brief Family Relationship Scale

  • Ejigu Olana
  • Belay Tefera
Keywords: Brief family relationship scale; Family assessment devices; Reliability; Validation


An instrument that developed in one context does not consistently conform to others’ cultures. Family functioning needs to be assessed across different contexts and cultures by validating and adapting an instrument. The Brief Family Relationship Scale (BFRS) is one of the family functioning instruments aimed to measure family relationships across three dimensions. The objective of this study was to translate the English version of BFRS into Afan Oromo and validate the scale to Ethiopian context using a sample of 232 (male =122, female =110) adolescent students (aged 15-19 years) drawn from Ambo Secondary School, Oromia Regional State using simple random sampling technique. In this process, symmetrical method or centric process was employed to establish more accurate adaptation and culturally equivalent translated instrument. The adaptation process took six different stages including the forward and backward translations, synthesis I and II, pilot testing and full psychometric study to establish internal consistency indices and to check both convergent and criterion validity. The study revealed that three factors or scales (cohesion, conflict, and expressiveness) were generated through factor analysis and parallel analysis. All the generated factors had acceptable internal consistency. Accordingly, among three generated scale of BFRS, Family Cohesion (α=0.92) and Family Conflict (α=0.89) had high internal consistency, while Expressiveness (α=0.68) had a lower internal consistency than others. The Afan Oromo version of BFRS proves valid and reliable for the purpose at hand. Yet, it requires further culturally appropriate revision through involving other family members and using large samples.

Author Biographies

Ejigu Olana

Institute of Education and Behavioral Sciences, Ambo University

Belay Tefera

College of Education and Behavioral Studies, Addis Ababa University. Professor