Registration of ‘Kumsa’ Finger Millet (Eleusine coracana ) Variety
Kumsa is a brown-seeded finger millet (Eleusine coracana sub spp. coracana) variety.
Its pedigree is designated by BKFM 0063 (1). It is a selection from fourteen genotypes
obtained from the Ethiopian Biodiversity Institute, which had been collected from western
parts of the Oromia Regional State, Ethiopia. Kumsa and other pipeline finger millet
genotypes were evaluated against a standard check (Gute) for grain yield, disease reaction,
and other agronomic traits across two locations (Bako and Gute) for three consecutive years
(2014-2016) during the main cropping seasons. Additive main effect and Multiplicative
Interaction (AMMI), and Genotype and Genotype by Environment Interaction (GGI) biplot
analysis showed that Kumsa is stable, disease tolerant, and high yielder (3.17 t ha-1) with 25.3
% yield advantage over standard check Gute (2.53 t ha-1). Therefore, it was developed and
released by Bako Agricultural Research Center for western Oromia and similar agroecological
areas of Ethiopia in 2019.