Registration of ‘Kumsa’ Finger Millet (Eleusine coracana ) Variety

  • Chemeda Birhanu Agricultural Research Center
  • Kebede Dessalegn Agricultural Research Center
  • Dagnachew Lule Agricultural Research Institute
  • Girma Chemeda Agricultural Research Center
  • Geleta Geremew Agricultural Research Center
  • Megersa Debela Agricultural Research Center
  • Girma Mengistu Agricultural Research Institute
  • Gudeta Badada Agricultural Research Center
  • Hailu Feyia Agricultural Research Center
  • Bodena Gudisa Agricultural Research Center
  • Megersa Kebede Agricultural Research Center
  • Fufa Anbassa Agricultural Research Center
Keywords: Additive main effect and multiplicative interaction (AMMI); Disease resistant; Genotype and genotype by environment interaction (GGI); Grain yield; Standard check; Stability

Abstract

Kumsa is a brown-seeded finger millet (Eleusine coracana sub spp. coracana) variety.
Its pedigree is designated by BKFM 0063 (1). It is a selection from fourteen genotypes
obtained from the Ethiopian Biodiversity Institute, which had been collected from western
parts of the Oromia Regional State, Ethiopia. Kumsa and other pipeline finger millet
genotypes were evaluated against a standard check (Gute) for grain yield, disease reaction,
and other agronomic traits across two locations (Bako and Gute) for three consecutive years
(2014-2016) during the main cropping seasons. Additive main effect and Multiplicative
Interaction (AMMI), and Genotype and Genotype by Environment Interaction (GGI) biplot
analysis showed that Kumsa is stable, disease tolerant, and high yielder (3.17 t ha-1) with 25.3
% yield advantage over standard check Gute (2.53 t ha-1). Therefore, it was developed and
released by Bako Agricultural Research Center for western Oromia and similar agroecological
areas of Ethiopia in 2019.

Author Biographies

Chemeda Birhanu, Agricultural Research Center

Bako Agricultural Research Center, P. O. Box 03, Bako, West Shoa, Ethiopia

Kebede Dessalegn, Agricultural Research Center

Bako Agricultural Research Center, P. O. Box 03, Bako, West Shoa, Ethiopia

Dagnachew Lule, Agricultural Research Institute

Oromia Agricultural Research Institute, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia

Girma Chemeda, Agricultural Research Center

Bako Agricultural Research Center, P. O. Box 03, Bako, West Shoa, Ethiopia

Geleta Geremew, Agricultural Research Center

Bako Agricultural Research Center, P. O. Box 03, Bako, West Shoa, Ethiopia

Megersa Debela, Agricultural Research Center

Bako Agricultural Research Center, P. O. Box 03, Bako, West Shoa, Ethiopia

Girma Mengistu, Agricultural Research Institute

Oromia Agricultural Research Institute, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia

Gudeta Badada, Agricultural Research Center

Bako Agricultural Research Center, P. O. Box 03, Bako, West Shoa, Ethiopia

Hailu Feyia, Agricultural Research Center

Bako Agricultural Research Center, P. O. Box 03, Bako, West Shoa, Ethiopia

Bodena Gudisa, Agricultural Research Center

Bako Agricultural Research Center, P. O. Box 03, Bako, West Shoa, Ethiopia

Megersa Kebede, Agricultural Research Center

Bako Agricultural Research Center, P. O. Box 03, Bako, West Shoa, Ethiopia

Fufa Anbassa, Agricultural Research Center

Bako Agricultural Research Center, P. O. Box 03, Bako, West Shoa, Ethiopia

Published
2020-01-01
Section
Crop Variety Registration

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