Effect of Replacing Maize (Zea mays ) with Barley (Hordeum vulgare ) on Broilers Performance and Carcass Characteristics

  • Seid Ali School of Animal and Range Sciences
  • Negassi Amha School of Animal and Range Sciences
  • Mengistu Urge School of Animal and Range Sciences
Keywords: Cobb 500; Feed conversion ratio; Feed intake; Growth performance; Weight gain

Abstract

A study was conducted to investigate the effect of feeding barley as a replacement
for maize on the growth performance and carcass characteristics of Cobb 500 broiler
chickens. One hundred and sixty-eight day old chicks were randomly assigned to four
treatment diets with three replicates, having 14 chicks in each replication, in a completely
randomized design. The treatment diets were maize 100% (T1) and maize substituted with
barley at 33.3% (T2), 66.7% (T3) and 100% (T4). Similar amount of concentrate mix was
added to all treatments. The experiment was conducted for a total of 56 days, with the first 1-
21 days being the starter phase and the finisher phase lasted up to 56 days following the end
of the starter phase. Feeds offered and refused was recorded every day, while body weight
was recorded on a weekly basis. At the end of the experiment, two chickens from each sex
were slaughtered per replication to evaluate the carcass components. The current results
indicated higher crude protein, ash and crude fiber contents in barley than maize, while
higher energy content was obtained from maize compared to barley. Starter phase diets gave
similar feed intake values among treatments (36.8 - 38.8 g/day), showing a gradually
decreasing trend with increasing levels of barley. Weight gains, growth rate and feed
conversion ratio were similar up to 66.7% of maize replaced with barley. At finisher phase,
daily feed intakes were 134.0-142.3 g with daily gains of 40.4-51.7g. For total period, daily
feed intakes were 97.8-103.5 g with daily gains ranged from 31.2-38.8 g. Chicken under T1, T2
and T3 showed similar values of feed intake and growth performance in the finisher and total
feeding periods. Carcass yield was also similar for T1, T2 and T3. In conclusion, barley could
be used as an alternative source of energy in broiler nutrition by replacing 2/3rd of the maize,
especially in areas where maize is not available or less productive or where its price is high.

Author Biographies

Seid Ali, School of Animal and Range Sciences

School of Animal and Range Sciences, Hawassa University, P.O. Box 5, Hawassa, Ethiopia

Negassi Amha, School of Animal and Range Sciences

School of Animal and Range Sciences, Haramaya University, P.O. Box 138, Dire Dawa, Ethiopia

Mengistu Urge, School of Animal and Range Sciences

School of Animal and Range Sciences, Haramaya University, P.O. Box 138, Dire Dawa, Ethiopia

Published
2020-01-01

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