Gender Bias and Stigmatization against Women Living with HIV/AIDS in Harar, Ethiopia
AbstractIn Ethiopia, HIV/AIDS is highly stigmatized due to the fact that sexual intercourse is the main mode of transmission. While both men and women are stigmatized and discriminated against for breaking sexual norms, the impact on women is more severe. The paper attempts to find the socio-psychological bases of stigmatization against women living with HIV/AIDS in Harar, Ethiopia and ways in which complex elements such as gender bias, socio-economic situations and traditional beliefs contribute, individually and in combination, to dual discrimination against women living with HIV/AIDS in their families, in their neighborhoods and in society as a whole. The results show that women throughout the research were subjected to stigma as women, and HIV- positive women. Stigma was reported everywhere to be more extensively directed against women than against men. It is recommended that there is a need to address issues of stigma and discrimination as part of the prevention of further spread of HIV/AIDS in Ethiopia.
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