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Submission Preparation Checklist

As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.
  • The submission has not been previously published, nor is it before another journal for consideration (or an explanation has been provided in Comments to the Editor).
  • The submission file is in OpenOffice, Microsoft Word, RTF, or WordPerfect document file format.
  • Where available, URLs for the references have been provided.
  • The text is single-spaced; uses a 12-point font; employs italics, rather than underlining (except with URL addresses); and all illustrations, figures, and tables are placed within the text at the appropriate points, rather than at the end.
  • The text adheres to the stylistic and bibliographic requirements outlined in the Author Guidelines, which is found in About the Journal.
  • If submitting to a peer-reviewed section of the journal, the instructions in Ensuring a Blind Review have been followed.

Author Guidelines

  1. 1.      Instructions to Authors

The African Journal of Health Research (AJoHR) is a multi-disciplinary peer-reviewed publication of the College of Health and Medical Sciences, Haramaya University. The editorial Board reserves all rights to decide on editorial matters of the Journal and decisions are final. Named authors are responsible for the views and opinions expressed in their contributions.


-          All manuscripts must be submitted to the Editorial Manager through online system and by ordinary mail which should be accompanied by a covering letter signed by all authors. The covering letter signed by the concerned author should only contain a statement that indicates that all authors have approved the manuscript.

-          Original Manuscripts in English will be considered for publication provided that they have not been published previously and are not under consideration for publication elsewhere.  Accepted papers are subject to editorial revision without any prior notice.

-          After the successful submission   of   manuscript,   the   corresponding author will be acknowledged   within 72 hours. Any  quarry  regarding  the  preparation  and submission  of manuscript  to the  journal  should be  addressed  through  online tracking system or e-mail.

-          English is the official language of the journal.

-          Original  Research  Articles  not  previously published  and  not  being  considered  for publication  elsewhere  only should be submitted.

-          Corresponding   authors must be declared that the manuscript is submitted on behalf of all authors. Copyright belongs to the publisher upon acceptance of the  manuscript. Rejectedmanuscript  will not  be returned  to the  authors. Submission of a manuscript signifies acceptance of journal's guidelines for authors.

1.2.            Manuscript Preparation

  1. I.                   Original Research Paper

Papers should be in English and be prepared in A4 (8.27" X 11.69") page size, using standard fonts with  size of 12, with  double-spacing,  and margins  of  at  least  1"  (2.5cm)  all  around.  All pages numbered starting from the title page. Lines should be numbered in the margins with a continuous numbering from the start of the manuscript.  Times  New  Roman  fonts  must  be used  and  remain  uniform  throughout  the  text. The authors  must  strictly  adhere  to the  proper format of the Journal for all sections of the manuscript.  For authors whose native language is not English, the AJoHR Journal strongly recommends brushing up the English of the manuscript by consulting an English-speaking researcher before submission to avoid delays in receiving and processing of the manuscript.

Format of the manuscript

A Manuscript paper typically should include in the following order

1.   Title

2.   Abstract and Keywords

3.   Introduction

4.   Materials and Methods

5.   Results

6.   Discussion

7.   Conclusion

8.   Acknowledgements (If any)

9.   References

10. Tables and/or Figures

  1. 1.      Title page

-          First page should include the complete title of the manuscript, full names of all authors, their affiliations and addresses, and the name and E- mail address of the corresponding author.

-          Title should be font size of 14 (Bold) and the first character in each word in the title   has   to   be   capitalized   (title   should   be centered).   First  name  or  Given  name  of  the authors  should  be mentioned  followed  by initial for father name or family name.

-          Affiliation for the authors should be mentioned

  1. 2.      Abstract and keywords

-          Always second page should contain Abstract and Keywords.   

-          Abstract (not more  than 300 words)    presented    in   a   concise    form   and including the purpose, methods, Results, and conclusions   of  the  research  described   in  the paper.

-          A list of 3 to 5 keywords or short phrases suitable   for indexing   should be typed at the bottom of the abstract page.  

-          Avoid vague or overly general terms. If necessary, the keywords will be adjusted to the standards of the Journal by the editors without consulting the authors.


  1. 3.      Introduction

-          State the objectives of the work and provide an adequate background, avoiding a detailed literature survey or a summary of the results.

-          Description of the research area, pertinent background   information,   and   the   hypotheses tested  in  the  study  should  be  included

-          Provide sufficient background information such that a scientifically literate reader can understand and appreciate the research

-          Introduction must include  in-text  citations including references to pertinent reviews and primary scientific literature.

-          Provide brief information about the specific aims identified along with a rationale for the specific researches and other work performed.

  1. 4.      Material and Methods

-          Provide sufficient detail to allow the work to be reproduced.

-          It should include explicit, concise descriptions of all new methods or procedures employed.   

-          Commonly   used   methods   require only a citation of the original source. The description should be such that the reader can judge   the   accuracy,   reproducibility,   reliability, etc. of the work.  

-          The statistical tool used to analyze the data should be mentioned.  In case of the involvement of human subjects, this section must accompany with statement on necessary ethical approval from appropriate ethical committee.

  1. 5.      Results

-          Results should be clear and concise.  

-          Results should include research data but not extended discussions of its relative significance.

-          Results  are  more  easily  grasped  by  readers  if they  are  presented  in  graphic  or  tabular  form rather than discursively. Written result should not be repeated in the text, tables, and figures.

  1. 6.      Discussion

-          This should explore  the  significance   of  the results of the work, not repeat them.

-           A combined Results and  Discussion  section  is  often appropriate.

-          Avoid extensive citations and discussion of published literature.

-          This section should relate the results section to current understanding of the scientific problems being investigated in the field.

-          Description other work/s in the field should be included here.

-          This section also allows you to  discuss  the  significance  of your  results.  

-          This section  should  end with  new answers/questions  that arise as a result of your work.

-          Speculation is to be based  on data only; be concise and clear.

-          Lengthy discussions will necessarily mean a  delay  in  accepting manuscripts  for publication.  

-          The text should be written with a logical connection between the introduction and conclusions.

  1. 7.      Conclusions

-          The main conclusions of the study may be presented in a short Conclusions section, which may stand alone or form a subsection of a Discussion or Results and Discussion section.

  1. 8.      Acknowledgements

-          This is a brief section crediting the people who have helped make your manuscript possible and who aided you in your work but are mention all applicable grants and  other  funding  that supported your work.

-          Collate acknowledgements in  a separate  section  at  the  end  of the  article before  the  references   and  do  not,  therefore, include them on the title page, as a footnote  to the title or otherwise. 

-          List here those individuals who provided help during the research (e.g., providing  language  help,  writing  assistance  or proof reading the article, etc.).


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